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This chapter teaches the concepts of reversible and irreversible changes with the help of a lot of activities, examples form our daily and interesting experiments. This chapter describes about the different types of plants and helps students classify them based on their height, colour and hardness of the stem. Students are introduced to the herbs, shrubs and trees. Students are also made to learn the enhanced terms for parts of plants like petiole, lamina, veins, midrib, etc. Transpirations and photosynthesis are explained with the help of interesting activities.

This chapter specifically discusses about the body movements in animals and human beings by explaining about the various processes and parts involved in their locomotion. It explains the structure, location and function of different joints responsible for body movement in human beings. Formation of joints and other details are also described here.

The next section of this chapter talks about the pattern of movement in different animals such as earthworm, snail, cockroach, birds, fish, etc. In Class 6 Science Chapter 9, you get to learn about the different environmental conditions to which certain animal get adapted for their survival. Under the Habitat and Adaptation section, you learn about the terrestrial and aquatic habitats. Here, you also get to learn different changes the animals undergo to survive in their habitat. Characteristics of Organisms such as their growth, movement, response to stimuli, respiration and reproduction are also discussed in this chapter.

This chapter, in its initial section, throws light on the evolution of means of transport. It also discusses the various methods and tools used to measure different objects. Students also get to learn the standard units of measurements and different types of motion. This chapter basically discusses various phenomena related to light.

Chapter starts with an interesting activity to lead students differentiate between transparent, translucent and opaque objects. Further in the chapter we get to earn about the formation of shadow. Applications of reflection, working of a pinhole camera, mirrors and reflections are the discussed in detail here. Chapter 12 of class 6 Science deals with the concepts related to electricity, electric circuit, switch, conductors and insulators.

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Thus chapter explains working of an electric cell. Students get to learn how different terminals of cell are connected to the bulb to so that it starts glowing. Students learn the basic concepts working behind an electric circuit.

School Board. Current Affairs. Mock Tests. Election Results Latest Admission Hindi Marketplace Menu. This website uses cookie or similar technologies, to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalised recommendations. By continuing to use our website, you agree to our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. Class 4. Class 5. Class 6. Class 7. Class 8. Class 9. Class This chapter will help you to build a concrete foundation which in turn can help you learn further concepts of physics and its various dynamics.

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Different kinds of topics related to different physical forces i. This chapter will clear your concepts about what is a unit, base units, derived units, system of units and much more. It will help immensely help you to understand what is the need and value international system of units and how are they decided. Various methods such as parallax method, parallax angle and other methods to measure length. One shall also learn on alternative methods to measure length and estimation of very small distances like the size of a molecule.

This chapter is a part of the Kinematics and is a very interesting one. In junior classes, we all have learned about motion and its fundamental properties. However, in this topic, you will get to know about rectilinear motion and its measurement having a detailed and technical vision. In the chapter, motion in a straight line, you will learn about the frame of reference, reference point, what is called as path length, magnitude of displacement, relative velocity, instantaneous velocity, acceleration, retardation, etc.

In this chapter, you will learn how to measure motion in a plane and what are scalar and vector quantities. Diagrammatic representation of Derivative laws of the addition of scalar and vectors are explained in this chapter. Topics like Position and displacement vector, multiplication of vectors by real numbers, equality of vectors, addition and subtraction of vectors through a graphical method, resolution of vectors and addition of vectors through an analytical method are some of the primary topics explained in this chapter.

You have learned about the motion of a particle in space in some of the previous chapter and this chapter will move you ahead of the same. You will learn topics like how bodies move, factors that act on them, direction of force and their corresponding motion, effect of gravitation and others are explained clearly in this chapter.


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Since ancient times, famous physicists have studied about motion. The contribution of these physicists such as Aristotle, Newton, and Galileo to study motion is mentioned in this chapter. You might be aware of the basic terms of work, energy and power as you have learned about them in earlier classes. What is different in this chapter is you will be learning the relation between these three quantities, i. You will also get to know Scalar product and its distributive laws taught in this chapter which is the is the foundation for further complex concepts. Chapter 7 — Systems of Particles and Rotational Motion.

This chapter explains the theoretical and mathematical part of the mentioned concepts. These concepts have been explained in a very clear and comprehensive manner for ease of students and better understanding.

You might be aware that all objects tend to get attracted to the earth. Students are thus, aware of the basic concept of gravity, how it was discovered and the effects of the same. However, Chapter 8 of class 11 Physics, Gravitation, takes you into the depths of the concept of Gravitation. In Mechanical properties of solids, you will study about the physical properties of solids, such as plasticity, elasticity, and others.

The fundamental properties of solids are readily available to learn in this chapter. Stress, compressive stress, tensile stress, longitudinal stress, tangential or shearing stress, shearing strain hydraulic stress, and volume strain are some of the concepts that will build the foundation for learning the properties of solids.

In this chapter, you will study some common physical properties of liquids and gases. How are fluids different from solids? What are the common characteristics of liquids and gases? Also, the difference between gases and solids or liquids, are some of the questions that have been answered in this chapter.

Also, the effect of external forces such as pressure and tension on fluids is elucidated with the help of mathematical expressions in this chapter. In this chapter, you will learn the actual definition of heat and how it is measured. You will study the various processes by which heat flows. As you go further, you will find out the reason why blacksmiths heat the iron ring before fitting on the rim of a wooden wheel of a horse cart and why the wind at a sea beach often reverses its direction after the sun goes down.

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You will learn why its temperature does not change during these processes even though a great deal of heat is flowing into or out of it. Thermodynamics is that branch of physics that deals with the ideas of heat and temperature and the inter-conversion of heat and other forms of energy.

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It is a macroscopic science. It deals with bulk systems and does not include the molecular constitution of any matter. In this chapter, you will study the laws that govern thermal energy and processes where work is converted to heat and vice-versa. You will learn the behaviour of gases based on the idea that gas consists of fast-moving atoms or molecules. Kinetic Theory is being studied since the 19th century by famous scientists such as Newton, Maxwell, Boltzman, Boyle, Avogadro and others. This chapter also introduces kinetic theory. Chapter 14, Oscillations, is an important and very interesting one.

This is the next step after learning about rectilinear motion, projectile motion, and others in the lower grades. The study of oscillatory motion is basic to physics; the concepts of which are required for the understanding of many physical phenomena. The chapter oscillations will help us to study in detail about oscillations and oscillatory motion. In Oscillations, you will study the motion of objects oscillating in isolation.

This chapter will help you to concepts of waves and different its types.

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There are step-by-step solutions to the various problems in the textbook that ease any stress you may have before your examinations. The solution acts as the perfect guide right before your examinations as it contains details on the questions that are asked quite often. The important concepts are highlighted and explain briefly to help you cover a more significant portion of your syllabus in lesser time. Vedantu allows students to gain access to the different solution manuals to various subjects apart from Physics as well.

Our solutions function as ideal tools that help students excel in their studies.

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We have online classes for the most important subjects in the curriculum, making it easier for you to study from home. They are designed keeping your comforts in mind, allowing you to study at your own pace in the comforts of your home. Your parents can also rest assured that you are studying within the safety of your home. They can communicate with the teachers as well and help you out with any problems that you may be facing.

You can take these classes whenever you have the time, and you can clarify your doubts directly with your tutor. We aim to help students in their education by giving them the right tools to study, making us one of the leaders in online education. Chapter 1 — Physical World This chapter will help you to build a concrete foundation which in turn can help you learn further concepts of physics and its various dynamics.

Chapter 2 — Units and Measurement This chapter will clear your concepts about what is a unit, base units, derived units, system of units and much more. Chapter 3 — Motion in a Straight Line This chapter is a part of the Kinematics and is a very interesting one. Chapter 4 — Motion in a Plane In this chapter, you will learn how to measure motion in a plane and what are scalar and vector quantities. Chapter 5 — Law of Motion You have learned about the motion of a particle in space in some of the previous chapter and this chapter will move you ahead of the same. Chapter 6 — Work, Energy and Power You might be aware of the basic terms of work, energy and power as you have learned about them in earlier classes.